Monday, March 8, 2021

Today's advanced coatings, including polyurea and polyurethane, are among the most advanced resins ever developed.

 They are also among the most chemically complex coatings. While this complexity is inherent in their structure, there are solutions to many of the problems encountered when using earlier coatings. The good news is that the problems have been solved. The bad news is that many of the solutions have been developed especially for these coatings.

Many of the problems encountered with these coatings are related to the application of the coating. This involves two other things. The first is the choice of preparation for the surface. The second is the choice of application. Today's coatings, even the most advanced, are much more suited to use on glass, ceramics and metals. They are also used much more commonly on substrates that other coatings.

It's always best to work with a premixed material. It's best to make a premixed compound from the same ingredients as what you're coating. This makes it easier to control the consistency of your product. It's easy to make a premixed material from scratch but it is challenging to make it work correctly. It's much easier to use the same premix in several locations. This means that if you're doing multiple applications in one day that you can do them all in a single day. It's much cheaper to do them all in a single day. You have the advantage of not having to purchase premix throughout the day. And you have the disadvantage of all the other applications you have lined up for the following day.

The choice of a coating is a big decision. It really is the foundation of many of the different aspects of your life. You are going to want to have a good understanding of how the different products and coatings work. You will want to make sure that it's the right product at the right time in the right place.

If you are making your own coating - do it in the next 5 minutes with this video.

Make your own oil based or water based acrylic coating using this short video.

Friday, February 5, 2021

Various types of industrial coatings have different chemical and physical properties-- deterioration resistance, performance when exposed to UV, and so on-- however, no coating offers all the protection a structure needs. That's why properties are coated with several coating types to form an overall protective coating system, or a system offering all the chemical, physical and galvanic protection needed to safeguard the substrate from its environment.

Understanding the most common coating types-- and how they work to form a total protective coating system-- allows designers and owners to pick the system best-suited for their project.

Industrial Coating

Here, we'll explain the benefits and tradeoffs of 4 of the most typical generic coating types: Epoxies, polyurethanes, polysiloxanes, and zinc-rich primers, providing examples of how each might be used in an overall coating system.


Epoxy coatings generally consist of an epoxy base and a curing agent. A wide variety of coating homes can be attained by controlling either of these parts: Epoxy polyamide coatings offer great moisture resistance, epoxy mastic coatings offer exceptional film thickness, and phenolic epoxy coatings offer good chemical resistance. And due to this versatility, you'll find epoxies used as a primer, intermediate coat, or even a top coat, depending on the needs of the application.

And due to this versatility, you'll find epoxies used as a primer, intermediate coat, and even a topcoat depending upon the application's requirements.

The most significant limitation of the epoxy household of coatings is their poor performance in sunlight-- which is why epoxies are usually utilized in the interior or submerged industrial applications. You might find epoxies protecting steel inside a nuclear reactor or immersed in a wastewater treatment facility.


Chemical resistant

Excellent efficiency when immersed

Can quickly construct film density for enhanced abrasion resistance

It can be developed to exhibit a wide range of favorable coating properties.


Chalks, when exposed to UV light.

Low flexibility


Polyurethane coatings are commonly utilized-- often as an overcoat-- in applications where toughness and abrasion resistance are essential factors to consider. Polyurethanes normally fall under two classifications: Aliphatic and fragrant. Aliphatic polyurethanes offer outstanding color retention and carry out well in sunlight, making them appropriate to exterior environments. Fragrant polyurethanes, on the other hand, better lend themselves to submerged environments-- they'll chalk and weather condition when exposed to sunshine.

Usually, polyurethanes are picked as the overcoat of a total protective coating system. For example, polyurethane might be applied as a topcoat above a zinc-rich guide and epoxy intermediate coat on a highway bridge. And even as an overcoat on the concrete walls and floors of a nuclear power plant. Other possible applications include the topside of ships, outside drainage treatment centers, or on locks and dams. Polyurethanes are flexible sufficient to be developed to handle a wide range of service environments.



High gloss and color retention

Aliphatic polyurethanes perform well against weathering and UV light.

Aromatics carry out well when submerged.

Low VOC formulations available


Includes isocyanate (- NCO), a hazardous carcinogen

Skilled workers and protective equipment are essential for the application.

Greater priced than epoxies


Polysiloxane coating systems are a reasonably brand-new addition to the marketplace, only dating back to the 1990s. Polysiloxanes provide outstanding abrasion and weather condition resistance and appearance retention advantages; however, they fail to supply the flexibility and corrosion resistance industrial environments need.

Combining the advantages of epoxies with polysiloxanes-- into epoxy polysiloxane coatings-- offers industry-leading abrasion, weather condition, UV, chemical, and deterioration resistance. Although epoxy polysiloxane hybrid coatings cost more than epoxies and polyurethanes, they can be applied quickly and last longer-- offering much better long-term value for many applications.

Because of their performance and longevity, epoxy polysiloxanes have been utilized by the United States Navy to minimize its vessels' lifecycle cost. However, this coating type can be utilized in many industrial applications, including highway bridges, marine structures, wastewater treatment plants, tanks, or anywhere that requires a lasting, high-performing coating system.


Excellent resistance to abrasions and weather condition

Allows for two-coat applications (zinc primer and polysiloxane) instead of the common three-coat application (zinc, epoxy, and polyurethane), in return cutting labor costs

Great color and gloss retention

Excellent performance when exposed to UV.

Higher optimum service (~ 200-1400 degrees) temperature level than other systems


Touch-ups may be visible due to imperfect color-matching

Higher material costs than epoxies

More recent item-- just around considering that about the 1990s

Organic and inorganic zinc-rich

As a generic coating type, zinc-rich coatings refer to natural (i.e., including epoxy or polyurethane binders) or inorganic (i.e., including silicate binders) coatings with high loadings of zinc dust. The zinc provides galvanic protection of the steel surface area, meaning that it will wear away instead of the steel beneath it. As the zinc-rich coating corrodes, it forms a barrier between the steel and its environment.

Inorganic zinc-rich coatings tend to supply better galvanic defense and abrasion resistance than do organic zinc-rich coatings. However, they need a much greater level of surface preparation. Both variations perform well as a primer in a multicoat system, as they adhere well to the steel surface area.

Zinc-rich primers will typically be used as part of a two-coat (zinc-rich primer, polysiloxane overcoat) or three-coat (zinc-rich primer, epoxy intermediate coat, polyurethane topcoat) system. You'll find zinc utilized in a wide range of highly destructive environments, consisting of bridges, coal plants, and the topside of ships.


Supplies both galvanic and barrier defense to steel


High level of durability


Must be top-coated in lots of applications

Inorganic zinc-rich coatings require an extremely tidy surface before application.

Both inorganic and organic variations have a low resistance to acid and alkali.

Selecting a coating system for your application: Weighing cost and efficiency.

Industrial coating systems offer steel structures with long-term security against their environment. To do this, the coating system should be fully equipped to deal with the environmental conditions of its environment, whether that's heat, sunlight, contact with chemicals or continuous abrasions.

The dominating service environment-- in addition to elements such as expense, ease of access of the asset, anticipated labor costs, the typical life span of the coating system-- will determine which coating system is best suited for your application.

For designers or owners searching for a list of coating systems suited for their application and budget plan, calling a coating specialist like ArmoThane is a great place to start. Coating choice occurs on a case-by-case basis. ArmorThane can evaluate your application's particular needs using several systems that might work based upon our decades of experience in the industry. Contact ArmorThane today to learn which coating system will work best for your needs.

Wednesday, February 3, 2021

What are nanocoatings?

Nanocoatings are ultra-thin coatings or chemical structures that are built upon surfaces by a variety of methods. Technically, a nanocoating is a coating that's measured on the nanoscale. To compare, the typical automotive paint is approximately 125 microns or 125,000 nanometers. At the nanoscale, quantum physics comes into play. Nanocoatings can be structured one molecule thick, or they can be built up from multiple molecular layers. Then there are hybrid nanocoatings, such as NanoSlic, which combine multiple layers of nanocoatings to deliver a wide range of benefits.

By 2025, it is estimated that the global market value for nanocoatings will climb to $17.2 billion, which is an all-time high. The nanocoatings market is all-encompassing, advancing diverse applications, including anti-fouling, fingerprint resistance, water repellency for clothing, and even bacteria growth prevention to curb the infectious spread. 

But the growth of protective coatings for electronics is unparalleled, as billions of electronic devices deploy into diverse and challenging environments. These devices require protection against threats, including rain, sweat, submersion, pollution, and more. As conventional protection methods can fall short for these new, miniaturized, edge electronics, protective nanocoatings offer promising safeguarding solutions and massive growth potential. 

Protective Nanocoatings for Electronics 

Years ago, desktop computers were safely perched in offices. Today, smaller devices must operate with flexibility, independent of environments. For connected components, familiar elements have become failure-inducing variables. Humidity, corrosives, contaminants, liquids, temperature extremes, and electrical motion can all wreak havoc. Sensitive circuitry requires protection. For years, the paint and coatings industry has used conventional means to meet this need. Barrier, inhibitive, sacrificial, and combination coatings, 

Unfortunately, these coatings can be too thick, too porous, and too bulky for miniaturized devices. Meanwhile, an increasing emphasis on sustainability is brewing in the industry. 

Nonbiodegradable, toxic chemicals will soon no longer be workable options for component protection. Foreseeing these roadblocks, manufacturers are shifting strategies, breaking with traditional coatings. Protective nanocoatings, thinner than a piece of paper, offer a robust alternative. 

Why Are Protective Nanocoatings a Better Solution? 

Like traditional coatings, nanocoatings and thin-film alternatives are deposited on a surface to improve protection. The difference is that a protective nanocoating can be as thin as a few nanometers, typically starting at 300 nm. This profile minimizes unit weight and mass, which proves useful for compact devices. Though super thin, their protection from ice, wear, pollutants, heat, and corrosion surpass traditional coatings. Alternative benefits can include suitable dielectric and thermal management properties and hydrophobic and oleophobic characteristics. The protection can be tailored to circumstances by selecting and combining various materials. Nanocoatings and thin films are functionalized to solve specific business challenges; an efficient, competitive solution. Increasing global regulations aren't typically an issue with nanocoatings, as most are REACH and RoHS compliant with minimal to no VOC content. Many protective nanocoating vendors practice proactive chemical management, material oversight, and corporate sustainability. These focuses, coupled with green material usage and preparation for repair and recycling, make for a sustainable solution. Market Growth Rate and Key Growth Drivers Analysts expect the global nanocoatings market to grow at a CAGR of 17.22% from 2018 to 2025. Growth drivers include the ability to engineer films for:

• Liquid splash and immersion protection 

• Corrosion resistance 

• UV resistance 

• Solvent and chemical protection 

• Transparency 

• Durability 

• Advanced bonding between surface and coating 

• Capacity to increase the lifespan and durability of the substrate 

• Flame resistance and fuel and gas barriers 

• Reduced manufacturing costs 

• Replacement of toxic inhibitors with minimal VOC emissions

Protective Nanocoatings Applications Consumer Electronics 

The consumer electronics market size valued at USD 1 trillion in 2019 is estimated to grow at a CAGR of over 7% between 2020 and 2026. Cell phone damage alone due to liquid exposure is estimated to cost the industry upwards of $97.1B annually. 

Tired of repairs and replacements, waterproofing is table stakes for success with consumers. Waterproofing is only one need for consumer devices. Hearables and wearables, like smartwatches and earbuds, experience adverse operating conditions. Sweat, steam, perfume, and cleaning fluids are but a few common hazards that jeopardize circuitry. Smart home security products (cameras, video doorbells, alarms, and smart locks), predicted to become a $4.3 billion industry by 2023, is another product line in need of protection. Pollution, moisture, corrosives, and chemicals can cause unexpected or immediate failure. 

Protective nanocoatings can exceed the industry standards for protection, including the IPC IP ratings, at an economical price. This solution is a competitive candidate for consumer electronics protection. Medical Devices The medical device industry is exponentially expanding, with growth fostered by an aging population and a desire to manage health proactively. By 2025, the medical device industry will be valued at $612.7 billion worldwide. Currently, one in 11 adults around the globe lives with diabetes. While glucose meters and insulin pumps are helpful devices, they are still vulnerable to splashes and spills. Diagnostic imaging also comprises an impressive market, valued at $40 billion. EEG analyzers face cleaning fluids, body fluids, and other liquids daily, requiring protection. Finally, over 900 million people will experience hearing loss by 2050. This population will subject their hearing aids to sweat, moisture, humidity, and body oils. Yet, hearing aid components can be as small as a pencil eraser. The healthcare community is actively exploring the robust, low-mass protection of nanocoatings. Industrial In the next four years, the global market size for the Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT) will reach $110.6 billion. This market growth necessitates protection from common industrial failure conditions. These environments include corrosives, contaminants, inclement weather, sulfuric gases, and petroleum products. In the distributed energy generation (DEG) global market, expected to reach $573.7 billion by 2025, similar concerns exist. Digital logic controllers and other DEG products need to be resilient to avoid downtime and failure rates.

Meanwhile, the IoT market in oil and gas will hit $39.40 billion globally by 2023. To implement connected OT edge in these environments, manufacturers must put reliability first. Protective nanocoatings and thin-film solutions, with excellent corrosion resistance properties and beneficial thermal and electrical properties, compare well to existing solutions that use operator-dependent processes that are not as repeatable. Automotive The automotive industry is making a paradigm shift towards autonomous products and technologies. By 2030, electronics will account for 50% of a car's total cost worldwide, creating profitable opportunities. Global revenue for the connected car market will reach $166 billion by 2025. Autonomous vehicles (AV) are at the forefront of change, expected to comprise a quarter of the marketplace by 2040. AVs mandate unprecedented reliability; occupant safety is a paramount concern. Achieving this type of resiliency may seem impossible, given the harsh service environment. Oil, gas, antifreeze, corrosives, temperature extremes, contaminants, pollutants, and humidity are all obstacles. 

The need for low-weight, low-bulk, sustainable reliability makes protective nanocoatings a promising option. IoT Forecasts suggest that by 2030, around 50 billion IoT devices will be in use around the world, creating a massive web of interconnected devices spanning everything from smartphones to kitchen appliances. There will be 53.63 million active smart city connections in the European Union alone in the next couple of years. Cameras monitor traffic, while noise sensors alert personnel to the potential of danger. Smart cities must run dependably with cost contained and constituents safe. That means every component in the network must reliably run too. Everything from utility meters and cell phone towers is mission-critical, but salt fog, humidity, snow, and dust storms are genuine threats to these IoT components. Sensors, switches, and hubs are also devices that need thin, lightweight protection.

Scalability, sustainability, and minimal bulk are enticing benefits for protective nanocoatings in the IoT arena. The Future of Protective Nanocoatings The protective nanocoatings industry is well-established, but some measures need to be adopted to adopt the new technology further to encourage its capable growth. More time and financial investment are required. Technological research is necessary. And it must fall in line with governments, research councils, and regional development agencies.

Further development of expertise must occur, and stakeholders must identify gaps in value chains. Stakeholders must use networking opportunities and open access facilities to develop new technology. Most importantly, future products need to be produced responsibly. Public perception and risks must be addressed as products and processes mature. Any potential for the environment, health, life cycle analysis, and safety risks must be minimized if protective nanocoatings are to be an acceptable mainstream solution. The Big Picture Independent of industry, the protective nanocoatings marketplace growth potential is considerable, as protecting electronics becomes increasingly challenging as devices shrink. Beyond protection, weight, and mass, dielectric and thermal management also need to be considered a protective solution. Based on advancing regulations, environmentally sound solutions such as nanocoatings are gaining popularity. Ultimately, delivering resilience and durability helps minimize costs associated with repairs, warranty claims, and service calls. Reliability mitigates liability, improving uptime, and drives incremental product value. As the market continues to evolve, the future for protective nanocoatings looks bright. Thin films and nanocoatings' custom protection is an enticing solution over traditional protection across industries and offerings, ensuring that market value and interest in the technology will continue to trend upwards. 

Protection of infrastructure from corrosion is essential in preventing costly failures, with risk to human life and its structure. This is frequently achieved through the use of complex, multi-layered coating systems. Current organic coating systems designed for harsh environments comprise several different coating layers, each providing a different set of properties. A basic system usually consists of three layers, including a primer coat, an intermediate coat, and a final topcoat. Primer coats are typified by epoxy-based formulations containing a relatively high loading of a more anodic metal such as zinc (zinc-rich), which provides sacrificial protection to the metal substrate. Intermediate coats are usually formulated around a solvent/epoxy base with a pigment blend containing a relatively large fraction of micaceous iron oxide. The intermediate coat or tie coat serves to promote adhesion between the primer coat and the topcoat layers. The intermediate coat may also provide barrier-type protection against corrosive species such as water, ions, or oxygen, slowing their diffusion to and from the metal surface. However, it is recognized that there are some limitations to these barrier properties due to the permeability of organic coatings to such corrosive species. Finally, the topcoat of the system is normally composed of polyurethane or polysiloxane. These materials usually offer UV resistance in addition to any aesthetic finish. A key component of these systems in high-risk environments with a significant corrosion risk is the zinc-rich primer. These primers have been widely used since the 1930s for the protection of steel structures. Unlike regular organic paints, they provide galvanic protection at edges or the places where the coating is defective. In the FHWA-sponsored "PACE" study, one of the coatings with zinc-rich primers performed best compared to other generic types of coatings evaluated under similar conditions. Zinc-rich coatings are described in several industry and military specifications. SSPC Paint 202 is an industry specification that categorizes zinc primers according to vehicle types. Type II coatings are the most common, involving organic vehicles such as epoxies and moisture-cured urethanes. The protection of steel by a zinc-rich coating is achieved mainly via two effects: the barrier Improvements in Anti-Cor By Integrating Graphene Nano-Platelets into C By Matthew Sharp, William Weaver, Lynn Chikosha and Sam Whitehead, Applied Graphene Materials, Redcar, UK PAINT & COATINGS INDUSTRY • 25 Corrosion Performance o Coating Systems effect imparted by the coating itself and galvanic action. The zinc particles in the coating provide galvanic protection. Three conditions are essential for the galvanic process to occur on steel: 

1. Zinc particles must be in electrical contact with each other. 

2. Zinc particles must be in electrical contact with the steel. 

3. A continuous electrolyte must exist between the zinc particles and the steel. 

The first two conditions are met by zinc-rich coatings when containing a sufficiently high zinc content. The third condition is fulfilled when a steel panel bearing a zinc-rich coating is wetted by an electrolyte film such as a salt solution. The protective action of zinc-rich coatings may be broken down into two stages. The first stage is a relatively short period in which zinc particles' galvanic protection of the steel occurs. After this period in which the zinc is consumed, the galvanic action between the steel and zinc gradually disappears. The second stage is long-term barrier protection that is attributed to greater resistance of the coating to the permeation of aggressive species such as water, oxygen, and salts because the pores in the coating are blocked by the zinc corrosion products and inhibition of the steel surface by the zinc corrosion products. The properties of graphene, a single layer of graphite, have been talked about for many years. High mechanical and electrical properties have a high aspect ratio, endowing the ability to function as a barrier additive. When incorporated into an organic coating system or host matrix, graphene nanoplatelets (GNPs) provide a highly tortuous pathway that impedes corrosive species' movement towards the metal surface, three a passive corrosion protection mechanism. 

Also, very small additions of GNPs decrease water vapor transmission rates,4 indicating a barrier-type property, while some authors also suggest an electrochemical activity provided by graphene within coatings.5 Formulating a High-Risk-Environment System Using Graphene The use of graphene nanoplatelets combined with zinc has been proposed and shown to have both positive and negative impacts, depending on loading6 when incorporated directly in the zinc-rich primer. 

Wednesday, June 12, 2019

Hey, what's up guys welcome to another episode of Pandi organizer on today's show we're going to talk about ceramic coatings, so it's all the craze lately in the car detailing world. So I'm going to tell you what they are, what they do, more importantly: how to properly use them and apply them, and I'm going to give you some tips and tricks to make your experience super simple and when we're done, you'll learn everything you need to know About ceramic coatings, so if you watch car detailing videos on YouTube, you've probably seen guys use products like these ones, so they come in a little bottle typically, so these are ceramic coatings. They also call them nano coatings or glass coatings because essentially inside they're, the main active ingredient is silica dioxide or sio2, and essentially it adds a layer of glass onto your car's paint. So for the purpose of this video we're going to be detailing my own BMW, 435i X, Drive Gran Coupe, a M Sport Edition and to do so I'll be using the consumer grade car pro C quarts. Uk Edition ceramic coating, all right so you'll see I'll, keep it super simple and you guys will be able to do the same in your own homes. So let's go ahead and start the show. So hey guys. I'M pan welcome back to all my regular viewers and for all of you, for whom it's the first time that you watch one of my YouTube videos take a second and click the subscribe button that way you'll never miss my future videos. Okay. So today we're talking about ceramic coatings. Some people also call them glass, coatings or nano coatings, but they're all essentially the same, because they contain the same active molecule which is silica dioxide or sio2. So what silica dioxide is is essentially, it brings a layer of glass on top of your car's paint to protect it. So the main advantages of using ceramic coatings are extreme durability, so typically the consumer level products lasts anywhere from a year to two years and then in professional level products, the last upwards of two years up to six or seven years. They add extreme gloss to your car's paint. They also have crazy, hydrophobic properties, meaning that water is going to bead and sheet off the paint extremely well. They have UV protection built in and also they have what we call self-cleaning properties. So when it's raining and you're rolling on the road, it actually helps lift dirt off the surface and repel it. So when we think about paint protection, we typically think about v2 classics which are carnauba LAX's. Those are organic products coming from plants in in Brazil and they last anywhere from two to three months, and then we have paint sealants, which are a synthetic paint, protection and those lasts anywhere from five to six months. So chemists came up with a new form of paint protection about a decade ago in Japan and South Korea, and they invented this type of ceramic coating, which essentially adds a layer or a glass coat on top of your clear coat. And that is extremely glossy and extremely durable. A lot of people might be scared about the word ceramic coating. But honestly, if you follow my tips and tricks' you'll be able to get the consumer level product and do the same thing to your car and you'll love. The effect by the way, guys I'll drop some links in the description down below to all the products that I'll talk about today and I'll also give you my recommendations and jes cheon's, about which ceramic coatings that you can buy. That'Ll be easy to apply easy to use and that will give you break results. Okay, so come with me and I'll. Show you every single step, that's needed in order to apply a ceramic coating on your car's paint. Okay, so we're first going to start by rinsing. The paint thoroughly using a pressure washer next up, we move to the pre-wash stage, using a foam cannon and a snow foam, Music, ] Music ]. Before I wash the paint, I usually start by cleaning the wheels. These are the dirtiest parts of the vehicle, and to do so, I use a third separate bucket. That'S dedicated for wheel, cleaning, [, Music, ], [, Music ], all right! So I'm now going to wash the paint using the safe wash techniques which consists of the two bucket method. So one bucket contains just the rinse water to rinse the mitt off and the second bucket is the washing solution always start with the top portion of the car and work. Your way to the lower portions, as these are the dirtiest parts of the vehicle, Music. ] Music, ], [, Music, ], [, Music, ]. Typically in the chemical decontamination stages, we will use a tar remover and an iron filings remover. So these products usually spray on clear and they change color. When they react, we let it low for 4 to 5 minutes and rinse off. The second decontamination stage is the manual decontamination of the paint using a clay bar and clay bar lubricant. To do so, you spray some clay bar lubricant on the surface, and you rub the clay bar up and down and left and right, be very gentle, no need to apply a lot of pressure, and this step will help pick up any remaining contaminants that are embedded In the clear coat Music ] before you apply a ceramic coating to your vehicle, you got to make sure that your paint is as perfect as possible because these are semi-permanent coatings and they seal any defects that are left on the surface. So you're going to typically compound your paint using a compound and dual action: polisher. If you have deep scratches and swirl marks and if, like my BMW, you only have some light swirl marks. Well, you can use a finishing polish. This way, you'll remove any remaining scratches and swirls and also give the paint a nice gloss, [, Music, ]. After the polishing stages, you want to make sure to spray an isopropyl alcohol mix on the surface and wipe with a microfiber cloth to remove any residual polishing oils. This will ensure a proper bonding of the ceramic coating Music ]. So in a typical ceramic coating box, you get a bunch of different products. So typically you get a silica spray that contains silica dioxide. You get the ceramic coating itself, you get a foam, applicator block and you get some micro suede applicator cloth, Music ]. So you take your phone lock, you wrap your micro suede applicator around it. You make sure to take your ceramic coating bottle and shake it very well and then you'll open it and pour enough content to make a line on your micro, suede, [, Music, ] you're, going to apply the ceramic coating in a crosshatch pattern, meaning up to down And left to right movements and manufacturers recommend that you work in small sections, typically in two by two sections: [: Music, ] differently, [, Music ]. So, as I said, work the product in small sections and don't let it dry for too long. Typically, after 20 to 30 seconds, the product will flash. So it's ready to be removed using a high quality microfiber cloth. I recommend using a low pile 300 to 360 GSM cloth. It makes removal a lot easier also when you're going to be done. Buffing, the car make sure to throw away the microfiber towel as the silica dioxide will dry up and potentially scratch and Mar the paint, if used again, once you've removed the ceramic coating. You wait 30 minutes to an hour and then you're going to spray on some spray silica. So the spray silica will prevent any water spots from happening in the next week as the product is curing on the paint and also, it would add, more gloss and more hydrophobicity to your ceramic coating. So when you've completed all the steps, you have to make sure to let the product here on the paint for a minimum of 12 to 24 hours without any contact with water. So, ideally, you want to leave a part in a garage, [, Music, ], [, Music, ], [, Music, ] [, Music ]. While those results were absolutely incredible, you saw just how glossy the paint was and also you were able to see the hydrophobic effect. So just how much of the water, beads, repels and sheets of the car's paint all right so to summarize all the tips and tricks for you guys to have a super positive experience at home. When applying a ceramic coating, you got to make sure the first properly wash and prep your car's paint that's essential, because once that semi-permanent layer of protection is added to your car's paint, it seals all the defects that might be under it. So you've got a properly pre wash wash your paint. Then you got to go ahead with the chemical and physical decontamination, so the irony movers, the tar removers the clay bar also in the end, you got to make sure that you compound the paint. If you have a lot of deep scratches and swirls arcs, some cars like mine, only need a sort of polish so to have all the lights, whirls and light scratches removed. When you're done the compounding and polishing stages, you got to make sure absolutely sure to use an IPA, so isopropyl alcohol to remove the polishing oils and that way, you'll have a slick surface. That'S ready to receive the paint, protection and it'll help the ceramic coating bonds to the paint when you're applying your ceramic coating to the paint again make sure you use a crosshatch pattern, which means up and down left and right. Don'T let the product sit too long on the cars paint so as soon as it flashes within I'd, say 20 to 30 seconds, make sure to remove with a microfiber towel that microfiber towel should have a short nap so anywhere from 300 to 360 GSM it'll gladly And easily help you remove that ceramic coating, so you buff it off after waiting half an hour to an hour. Typically, the consumer level ceramic coatings come with a form of silica spray, so that's meant to protect to the car against any water spotting during the next week, while the paint is curing. So that's very important. Also, you got to make sure that's once you've finished, applying the steps for your ceramic coating, you let the paint sit the garage or no contact with water for a minimum of 12 to 24 hours, so make sure you follow the instructions on your bottles and also You got to maintain your coating, so it's not only applying it and forgetting it. No, it's very important if you want to maintain the integrity of your ceramic coating, that every time you wash it, you use a pH neutral soap and a shampoo that will reset your ceramic coating, Sol rideth of any contaminants and get the paint protection performing as good As it can so in the case of car pro, they have their reset shampoo. So this is great and safe for ceramic coatings. You don't want to have any additives inside like waxes. This is going to safely remove all the contaminants off of the paint. Also, every two to three months or even quicker than that, if you want every company typically has a silica spray to maintain and top off your ceramic coating. So it's going to add more gloss. It'S going to also add UV protection, but, more importantly, it also tops off the silica dioxide content of your ceramic coating. So this one here is corporal reload, so it's a spray sealant super easy to apply. You basically spray on and buff off and you've got to see this as a sort of sacrificial layer on top of your paint protection. So, if anything is to happen, it will first go through the sacrificial layer and it won't affect your ceramic coating. So if you follow these easy steps and techniques, you're going to love applying a ceramic coating on your car and it'll, make maintenance afterwards super simple, so you basically washed you're going to top it off with your favorite spray, sealant and you're good to go. So I hope you enjoyed today's tutorial. I always try to make my videos super simple to understand. So, if you like, my content once again smash the thumbs up button to, let me know that you care also take a second and click. The subscribe button that way you'll never miss my future videos. I have a lot more car detailing videos on my youtube channel, for you guys to check them out so from car, washes to DIY videos to what equipment to purchase to products and brand reviews. Basically, you name it, you can go watch it on my channel. I am blessed with an amazing audience, so thank you guys for being there and, in the meantime, don't forget, keep it tight. Keep it clean and I'll see you guys on the next one: Music, ]